The National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET-UG is an all India entrance examination for students aspiring to become future doctors. All the students who wish to acquire a seat in a government or private medical college in India which are running with the approval of Medical Council of India/Dental Council of India for MBBS and BDS courses have to take up NEET-UG. The exam has replaced All India Pre Medical Test (AIPMT) and all other individual MBBS and BDS exams conducted by states or colleges themselves. However, institutions recognized under the Act of Parliament i.e. AIIMS and JIPMER Puducherry, are not a part of NEET-UG.
According to the guidelines defined under the Dentists Act of 1948 (amended in the year 2016) and Indian Medical Council Act of 1956 (amended in the year 2016), it is the responsibility of CBSE i.e. Central Board of Secondary Education to conduct NEET-UG under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Besides this, the CBSE is also responsible to announce the results and prepare an all India rank list of the applicants in percentile rank.
The list is given to the Directorate General of Health Services in New Delhi for counseling of 15% All-India quota seats. 85% of the seats of MBBS/BDS are reserved for states counseling.
Domicile students of different states who have done their schooling from another state are eligible for admission in state medical colleges if they are ranked in the All-India merit list. Also, each student has to provide a proof for his/her domicile candidature with necessary documents such as proof of residence of his/her parents.
NEET- UG Eligibility Criteria
Candidates who wish to apply for NEET-UG are advised to check the eligibility criteria carefully before filling the application form. In case a candidate does not fulfill the requirements, he/she cannot appear for the test and even if the person appears for the test, his/her score will be revoked. The following are the eligibility criteria for NEET-UG:
The candidate must have completed 17 years of age at the time of admission or must complete the age on or before his/her admission to the 1st year MBBS/BDS Course.
Candidates seeking admission to MBBS/BDS Course should not be above 25 years of age as on the date of examination. Candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC category have a relaxation of 5 more years.
Indian Nationals, Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), Overseas Citizen of India (OCIs), Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs) and Foreign Nationals are eligible for appearing in the National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test-UG.
As per the new notification released on February 3, 2017, CBSE has rolled back the limitation of three attempts and the candidates taking the exam in 2017 will be treated as their first attempt irrespective of their previous attempts.
Candidates must have cleared their 10+2 with Physics, Biology/Biotechnology, Chemistry and English and at least 50% marks in each subject. Candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC category must have a least 40% marks in all the subjects taken together. Further, students with locomotor disability of lower limbs must have minimum aggregate of 45% marks for General-PH and 40% marks for SC-PH/ST-PH/OBC-PH.
Marks obtained in Mathematics are not considered for the admission.
A candidate who is appearing for Class 12th examination and whose result is awaited can appear in NEET-UG, provided the person pass the 12th class examination.
From 2017, NEET will be conducted in 10 languages including Hindi and English and 8 other regional languages – Tamil, Telugu, Marathi, Bengali, Assamese, Gujarati, Kannada and Odia. The question paper will be bilingual i.e. candidate will get their question paper in the language preferred by them at the time of filling the application form.
The exam is in pen and paper-based format. Candidates are given an OMR answer sheet to mark the answers. The question paper has 180 multiple-choice questions, each question having 4 options wherein the candidate has to choose the most appropriate answer and mark it in the OMR sheet using a ballpoint pen. The stationary is provided to the candidate inside the examination hall. The questions are from all the three subjects. Physics and Chemistry section consists of 45 questions while Biology section consists of 90 questions. Questions are based on the NEET-UG syllabus as prescribed by the CBSE, the exam conducting authority. Each question in NEET-UG question paper consists of 4 marks. Every correct answer will fetch 4 marks to the candidate whereas every incorrect answer deducts 1 mark. No marks are given for unmarked question.
In order to qualify the examination, candidates belonging to unreserved category have to secure a minimum of 50 percentile. Candidates from SC/ST/OBC category, on the other hand, have to secure a minimum of 40 percentile. The physically handicapped candidates should obtain a minimum of 45 percentile to qualify the NEET-UG.